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History

FCCN ORIGINS

 

The history of FCCN begins in the mid-80s of the 20th century.

The creation of FCCN was based on the Foundation for the Development of National Means of Scientific Computing, created on 23rd of December 1986.

Its founding members were The National Board for Scientific and Technological Research (JNICT), the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC), the National Institute for Scientific Research (INIC) and the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities (CRUP).

According to the articles of incorporation, the objective was to develop national means of scientific computing, the promotion and establishment of powerful means of calculation and its articulation with other scientific and technical entities from the public and private sectors.

In the following year, in April 1987, the first executive board of the Foundation took office. In addition to logistical issues, such as its establishment, FCCN sought, from the beginning, to help the Portuguese scientific and technological community to overcome “blatant deficiencies” in information technology for scientific computing.

In 1988, it included the foundations for the establishment of the National Scientific Computing Network (RCCN) in its plan. This was the predecessor of the current RCTS – Science, Technology, and Society Network. 

Imagem 1988 História

MEETING ON NETWORKS

1988 was an important year in the history of FCCN. In June of that year, the FCCN hosted a Meeting On Networks which brought together a large number of Portuguese teachers and researchers in Lisbon, who were interested in accessing the advantages of the communications and computer networks already demonstrated for the development of higher education and scientific research.

Several important decisions and conclusions resulted from this Meeting on Networks:

It recognized the importance of data networks for the more rational use of computer equipment, messages and file sharing (first steps of electronic mail) and database consultation.

It stressed the importance of the interconnection of the new network with its European counterparts to combat the isolation of Portuguese researchers.

It established a team with the mission of promoting the establishment of an infrastructure that would connect Portuguese universities and other research-related institutions in a network. At that time, some still without access to any data network.

The purchase of a supercomputer that would remain accessible to the entire research and development community using a national network was decided upon. The chosen computer would be Convex C220, with a computing speed 20 times higher than the fastest scientific calculation computer available in Portugal at the time.

To contextualize the time and the world in which Portugal lived, we recall that this was a time when typewriters were still very popular; the first Nokia cellphone came on the market; the GIF format was being invented, and the programming language PERL was becoming available.

THREE DECADES OF HISTORY

30 years , changing the Internet, giving our best to the national scientific community, offering dozens of services to thousands of users.

Nowadays, FCCN connects over 70 higher education institutions, laboratories and other public institutions with high-speed connections.

Over these three decades, we have developed a range of collaboration, communication, computing, security and knowledge services so that our users can do more and better.

In a world that changes every day at lightning speed, we want to continue to build our history leading from the front and serving our community.

Imagem 1995 a 1998 História