TheThe computer security incident response services of the FCCN Unit of the Foundation for Science and Technology share five essential maxims that should be followed by all users.
What steps can all users take to ensure safe browsing? The services responsible for the security of the National Academic Network point out five basic rules to follow. Updating, doubting and consulting will be important actions in this route.
#1 Update the software
Software updates may seem secondary, since non-updated versions do not compromise operation in most cases. For that reason, the temptation to procrastinate may exist. However, updates often include resolutions for previously undiagnosed or recent security threats. Therefore, you should always keep all software up to date, especially your operating system and browser/browser.
#2 Keep anti-virus functional and up-to-date
While not a solution to all types of problems, your anti-virus can prevent your device from being infected if it recognizes a pattern in a file that has been downloaded. Anti-virus will more easily detect threats that it knows about. For this reason, you should always keep your antivirus updated, to ensure that it works.
#3 Doubt exceptional offers
The automatism of the "click to learn more" action is sometimes exploited by those who want to create a fraudulent action. This is done by spreading messages that seek to capture the reader's attention and lead to the creation of a security breach. Sometimes, the only reason for the existence of these offers is to open a window to infect your device and take control of it. When in doubt, do not click.
#4 Don't repeat passwords
Repeating passwords may be a temptation: after all, it simplifies the process of memorizing them. However, the same password should not be used on multiple websites. If it is exposed, all the sites you use it on will be compromised. To strengthen your security, use dual-factor authentication (by APP or SMS) whenever possible.
#5 Consult other sources
When in doubt about a website or something you read on the Internet, talk to other people. On the other hand, if you find a dubious website or file, you can test it on platforms like www.virustotal.com. Even if the answer is not 100% accurate, you can find out if someone has already detected something wrong with the website you want to visit or the file you want to open.